بحث
Detection of ground deformation in the broader area of Sharm El- Shiekh (Sinai Peninsula, Egypt) by SAR interferometry

Author(s): Tarek A. Seleem; Michael Foumelis; Issaak Parcharidis
 

Abstract

Sharm El-Shiekh area is located in the most southern part of Sinai Peninsula boarded by the Gulf of Suez to the west and by the Gulf of Aqaba to the east. The present study concerns the application of Multibaseline/Stacking Differential SAR Interferometry (DInSAR) in order to monitor ground deformation rates in the southern part of Sharm El-Shiekh area. The specific technique was applied in order to reduce the influence of atmospheric effects on ground deformation estimates. For this purpose a total number of 24 ENVISAT ASAR scenes covering the period between 2002 and 2008 were processed and analysed. Interferometric results show both patterns of uplift and downlift in the study area. Specifically an area along the coastline with a N-S direction, corresponding to the build up zone of Sharm El-Shiekh, shows average annual subsidence rates between -5 and -7 mm/yr along the line of sight (LOS). On the contrary, Sharm El Maya, an inner zone parallel to the above subsided area, shows slant range uplift of around 5 mm/yr. The obtained results of SAR inteferometry probably indicate the presence of an active fault that affects the coastal zones of Sharm El-Shiekh area.

 






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