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VALIDITY OF THE EQUILIBRIUM BEACH PROFILES: ILE DELTA COASTAL ZONE, EGYPT.

mona kaise
 

Abstract

Beach profile equilibrium is the principal concept assumed by most numerical modelling. The response of beach profile configuration to natural and anthropogenic changes could be predicted to help in selecting the most appropriate engineering design required to mitigate coastal erosion and accretion alongshore. Thus, in order to apply coastal engineering projects, the predicted profile of equilibrium should be close enough to the measured profile. Therefore, before application of numerical modelling techniques, equilibrium expressions have to be validated at the study site. This research aims to assess the validity of the equilibrium profile concept on the Nile Delta coast based on beach profiles surveyed in 1990 from the main promontories; Abu-Quir Bay, the Rosetta promontory and the El-Burullus promontory. The results indicate that the equilibrium beach profile is consistent with the measured profiles at the study sites beyond 200m distance offshore at -4 m depth. In contrast, the equilibrium status is not valid along the beach face at -1 m depth. Accreted beaches at Abu-Quir bay and Burullus promontory are characterized by wide berms and gentle beach face whereas eroded stretches at Rosetta promontory have a narrow berm and steep beach faces. The measured profiles are also compared with the exponential beach profile concept. An exponential hypothesis is not valid along the Nile Delta coast. Profiles measured at Abu-Quir, Rosetta and El-Burullus depart significantly from the exponential equation. Despite the fact that equilibrium expression can describe beach profiles along the Nile Delta, one equilibrium profile equation is not sufficient to assess all beach profiles. This can be explained as the morphology of beach profiles is subjected to some factors including; sediment characteristics, wave parameters and closure depth, which vary alongshore. Analysis of the validity of the equilibrium beach profile is recommended to get accurate results in modelling simulations and design the most appropriate engineering projects required for shore protection.


 

Keywords: cross-shore, morphodynamics, beach fill, sand transport, cross-shore sediment transport, longshore sediment transport, beach nourishment.






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